Victor Luitpold Berger (February 28, 1860 A.D–August 7, 1929 A.D), American Socialist leader, born in Austria, and educated at the universities of Budapest and Vienna; he immigrated to the United States in 1878 A.D. Elected to the U.S.
Congress in 1911 A.D, he served one term, the first Socialist in the House of Representatives.Victor Luitpold Berger opposed American participation in World War I even after the U.S. entered the war; as a result, he and four other Socialists were brought to trial in 1918, charged with violating the Espionage Act of 1917 A.D.
After a legal battle that attracted national attention, Victor L. Berger was found guilty on January 8, 1919 A.D, and sentenced to 20 years in a federal prison; subsequently, the House voted to exclude him from the seat to which he had been elected the previous November. Berger’s conviction was reversed by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1921, and indictments against him were later dismissed. He was again elected to Congress, was permitted to assume his seat, and served (1923 A.D-1929 A.D) three terms.
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